Wisdom teeth usually do not push through the gums until people reach 18 years of age or even older. Most people have 4 wisdom teeth. Some people have no wisdom teeth.
Often there is little space at the rear of the jaws for wisdom teeth to come easily through the gums. If the jaw does not have enough room for the wisdom tooth, the tooth will become wedged in or “impacted”. Some impacted wisdom teeth remain buried and cause no trouble, other may cause severe problems. Often one or more wisdom teeth will cause problems and must be removed.
Removal of wisdom teeth is a very common procedure. Removal of troublesome wisdom teeth should be done as soon as possible before it gets worse. If your wisdom teeth are likely to be difficult or complicated to remove, we may refer you to an oral and maxillofacial surgeon.
Impacted wisdom teeth can cause a lot of problem:
- Inflammation (swollen, red gums)
- Swell and stiffness of jaw
- Bad breath and unpleasant taste
- Push the nearby tooth out of their correct position and cause crowding of the front teeth
- Cyst inside the jaw bone
- Damage to nearby molars, cause cavity formed and often removal of both teeth is needed
- Ulcer of the gum
- Food trapped and cause decays
Treatment of Wisdom Tooth Infection
- General dental cleaning
- Rinse with saltwater or disinfectant mouthwash
- Pain killer and antibiotics
It’s recommended to remove the troublesome wisdom tooth when the person is young. In young people, a tooth’s roots have not formed totally, and the surrounding bone is softer. This allows easier removal of the tooth, and there is less risk of damage to nerves, bone or other teeth.
Removal of the Wisdom Teeth
A small portion of gums and/or bones need to be removed so we can get access to the tooth, or the tooth may have to be divided into segments so it can be removed easily and safely. After the tooth has been removed, you may need stitches to close up the open gum depends on the degree of opening, stitches could be self-dissolvable or to be removed by us after a few days.
Possible Side Effects of the Surgery
Complications can occur though not often:
- Numbness or altered sensation
- Dry socket (bone infection)
- Gum infection
- Difficulty in opening mouth
- Excessive bleeding
- Lip sores
- Damage to the nearby tooth or filling
- Sinus problems
- Weak jaw